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    干货常备|英语阅读中符号的奥秘

    2021-11-10 16:47:19| 来源:黑龙江中公教育

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    干货常备|英语阅读中符号的奥秘

    2021-11-10 16:47:19| 来源:黑龙江中公教育
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    一、逗号(comma)

    用于分割并列成分。考研重点:两个逗号之间,或者一个逗号之后,如果是补充说明成分时,跳过不看。 Eg:Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.

     

    二、句号(period)

    ①用于陈述句,表示一个句子的结束,起分割切分句子作用。

    ②用于某些缩略词之后,比如Mr.、Ms.、etc.等等。如果句号作为简写符号使用,那么这个词语简写前后面的符号应该照常写上,因为简写号并非句号,也不遵循句号的语法。比如Entreprise Co,Ltd或者I invited Tom,Jerry,etc..(注意两个点)。

    ③用作小数点

    三、问号(question mark)

    考研英语阅读文章中的问号一般都是设问的功能,只问不答,答案不言自明。

    Eg:考研难道没有价值吗?另外,如果开篇就是问句,那么则属于问题答案型文章,对问题的回答就是全文主旨。

    四、冒号(colon)

    冒号前后是从抽象到具体的过程,后面进一步补充说明前面的内容。

    Eg:1997 passage3 Q2

    60.The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean________.

    [A]widespread

    [B]overwhelming

    [C]piercing

    [D]fashionable

    五、分号(semi-colon)

    前后是并列关系,包括结构上并列和语义上的并列。

    Eg:For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)

    六、引号(quotationmarks)

    ①引用 ②强调 ③讽刺 Eg:“Scientific” creationism, which is being pushed by some for “equal time” in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science.

    七、括号(parentheses)

    ①解释说明生词。

    ②补充说明

    Eg:Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)

    八、破折号(dash)

    ①一个破折号后面起补充说明或评价判断。

    Eg:I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all.“This book stands for reason itself.” And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.

    ②两破折号之间其补充说明,可先跳过不看。

    Eg:In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.

    九、省略号(ellipsis)

    英文中的省略号的作用和汉语是一样的。当省略号在句尾并且有下文时,应该打四个点,最后一个为句号。 Eg:And it flew further,and further,and further....Jorge smiled and turned back. 当省略号在句尾并作为语气延长的作用时,应使用修辞前的标点 Eg:Do you love me...?其余情况下使用三个点。如:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town,please send...more...

    最后,祝大家都能考上理想院校哦!

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